There are four basic types of skin: dry, normal, oily and combination skin.
- ‘Dry’ is a skin type that produces less sebum than normal skin. Dry skin has a yellowish pink colour. It is pleasant to the touch, has small pores and is prone to peeling. Although it does not give a greasy sheen, and rarely suffers from acne and acne, but prone to wrinkles.
- ‘Normal’ is well-balanced skin. Normal skin has a beige or pink hue, small pores; it is soft, smooth, clean, elastic, and extremely rarely formed acne.
- ‘Oily’ is a skin type with heightened sebum production. Oily skin has a glossy shine and visible pores. This is the most problematic skin type. Acne and pustules, unpleasant appearance – these are the problems of this type of skin. But it is not without merit: excess sebum protects the surface from drying, so it can remain smooth and elastic for the longest time. Another advantage – people with oily skin wrinkles and pigmentation appear later than the others.
- `Combination` is a skin that consists of a mix of skin types. Skin types vary between the T-zone and the cheeks on combination skin.
Fitzpatrick Skin Types
The Fitzpatrick skin type scale represents a way through which people’s skin type is classified according to how it reacts when it comes to sun exposure. This scale contains six major types of skin, ranging from Type I, which never tans but always burns when exposed to the sun, to Type VI, which never burns in the sun.
The skin type scale was developed in 1975 by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick. He wanted to estimate how different kinds of skin react to UV rays. However, irrespective of your skin type, you should know that too much sun exposure can damage any skin. For instance, people who have type I and type II skin face the highest risk of skin problems due to sun exposure, being the most susceptible to photoaging.
The score you get on the scale depends on factors like, how many freckles you have, natural hair colour, eye colour and your own experience when it comes to sun exposure.
Very important to recognise the correct skin tone and select the right colour when applying cosmetic enhancements. Knowledge and understanding of colour allow you to accurately mix the right pigments perfectly to the skin toes and undertones of your client.